It is note worthy that CEDAW does not expressly condemn social-cultural practices or even violence against women. The organization is co-founder of a specialized Well Woman Clinic based in the United Kingdom, which provides services and advice to excised and infibulated women. Most of the practices reviewed so far constitute acts of violence against women or the girl child by the family and the community, and are often condoned by the State. However, I believe that it is possible to challenge such reasoning. She cuts around the hymen from the vaginal entrance and severs the hymen from the labia, at the same time exposing the clitoris. United States ,  the U. Want to Read saving… Error rating book.
This is precisely why Baloyi recommends that, before a man marries a second wife for reasons of infertility, both he and the first wife undergo medical tests to ascertain which of the two is infertile. Additional forms of harmful traditional practices were identified and a recommendation was made for the formation of the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children. In many societies, the family lineage is carried on by male children. Nevertheless, the Ugandans knew that HIV was spreading rapidly through networks of sexual relationships, and it was killing people. FGM is known to be practised in at least 25 countries in Africa.
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The intractable social and political problems of the African states—the constant change in governments, the lack of democratic processes, and the absence of women in major decision-making bodies have also prevented meaningful discussions on the plight and conditions of women. As a lawyer, she seeks to protect the girl child by implementing existing French law, which has involved prosecuting parents and excisors who have performed FGM in France. Such misuse of amniocentesis is also prohibited in the States of Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana, where the problem is more prevalent. On surveys and in focus groups conducted throughout the country, most people said that they were protecting themselves from HIV by reducing their partners or "sticking to one. Yet while dowry has received notable international attention, akin to female genital mutilation, as a human rights violation from international bodies and governments, bride price remains a hazy topic lurking behind a smoke screen of culture and marriage rituals in the deep forests of Africa. This view is echoed by Yamani , who reports: "A wife's infertility is a valid reason for her husband to polygamously seek another.
Tell her to seek reconciliation with her husband or repent and stay single. Where economic development improves the situation of men, without bettering the situation of women, poorer treatment of women might become even worse in a community. Young boys, however, have fewer demands made of them and are allowed to engage in activities outside the home. Lobola, rape, and older men taking advantage of younger girls are the reasons for the spread of HIV among young women. In the words of Baloyi : There are people who get married not necessarily because they want to, but because they feel the pressure of being single.
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